LG aims for zero carbon emissions by 2030 – CNET

The electronics company has launched an initiative to work toward achieving net-zero carbon emissions from global operations within 12 years

 according to a release on Monday. LG plans to cut emissions by 50% from 2017 levels, which totaled 2 million tons, to 960,000 tons by the end of 2030.

The company will expand renewable energy installations using solar energy and use its own technology, such as high-efficiency chillers and energy management systems, to reduce carbon emissions。 LG will also get certified emission reduction credits by expanding its clean development mechanism (CDM) projects。

“LG’s progressive steps in reducing carbon emissions at workplaces the world over, with many more UN CDM projects in the works, exemplify the company’s unwavering commitment to environmental sustainability leadership,” Lee Young-jae, vice president of environmental safety at LG Electronics, said in the release.

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Plante says Montreal will ban oil furnaces by 2030 – Montreal Gazette

Plante says Montreal will ban oil furnaces by 2030 Montreal Gazette Montreal to phase out oil heating in next decade CTV News View full coverage on Google News #renewableenergyathome

 

 

If you live in Montreal and have an oil furnace, you may want to start looking into replacing it.

“By 2030, the use of heating oil in Montreal will be over,” Mayor Valérie Plante declared Monday, saying the move is part of her administration’s effort to fight climate change.

The city is setting an example, she said, announcing it will spend $4 million over the next two years to replace oil systems in 18 city-owned buildings that still use the energy source。

Plante said she plans to introduce a bylaw next year that would include an immediate ban on the installation of oil furnaces in new construction.

Industrial and commercial buildings will have to phase out oil-burning heat sources by 2025。

As of 2030, residential properties will not be allowed to heat with oil。 The bylaw will apply only to buildings in the city of Montreal; it will not affect demerged suburbs。

The city does not know how many homes have oil furnaces but estimated there are several thousand. Plante said the city plans to do an inventory of such buildings over the next two years.

The city wants to work with Quebec to expand a provincial program that subsidizes homeowners who replace fossil-fuelled systems with those that use electricity or other renewable energy sources, Plante said.

Under the Chauffez Vert program, the owner of a single-family home can receive $1,275 to help offset the cost of the conversion. The cost of replacing an oil furnace varies but it can cost $5,000 or more for a typical home.

Heating oil represents 28 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions emitted by Montreal’s residential sector, and 14 per cent from the industrial and commercial sector, the city said.

The David Suzuki Foundation praised the move. “In this climate emergency, we must make every effort to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions in the short term,” said Karel Mayrand, the foundation’s Quebec director.

But Martin Messier, president of the Quebec Landlords’ Association, said his members are very concerned about the announcement. His organization met with city officials in January to discuss the initiative, but did not expect the city to announce it was going ahead without also announcing increased financial help for landlords to help them cover the costs of conversion.

“When the government, whether it’s the city, provincial or federal, imposes new measures on landlords to conform with new laws and dispositions, they completely forget that we are stuck between a rock and a hard place,”said Messier, whose organization represents 17,000 landlords, about 75 per cent of whom own properties in Montreal.

Landlords are limited as to how much they can increase the rent based on major repairs to their buildings, he notes。 The limit is based on interest rates, and is set at one per cent higher than the interest rate over the last five years。 In 2018, for example, landlords who did major repairs to their buildings could use that to justify a maximum of 2。7 per cent rent increase。

“When the rental board was established in the early 80s the interest rates were say 15, 16, 17 per cent so one per cent on top of that was a large rental increase. But with only 2.7 per cent (allowed) it’s really hard to maintain the building,” he said.

He said owners of small to mid-size buildings, under 30 units, are the ones that are most likely to still be heating with oil。 The Chauffez vert program offers owners of multiple-unit residential buildings $550 per unit to help with the cost of converting from oil to electricity, but he said that is not enough。

The worst case scenario, he said, is that landlords won’t invest in maintaining their properties, with this large cost looming on the horizon.

Many Quebecers have already converted their furnaces。

Seventy-eight per cent of homes across the province heated with electricity in 2014, up from 67 per cent in 2002。

Usage of oil dropped to four per cent, from 12 per cent in 2002.

Hydro-Québec estimates the owner of a 1,700-square-foot home with an electric furnace spends about $1,600 annually for heating and hot water, about $600 less than it would cost with an oil furnace.

Plante said by 2050, the city’s goal is to also ban the use of fossil fuels such as natural gas for heating, but it has not started working on that plan yet.

Across Quebec, about four per cent of homes heat with natural gas.

Catherine Houde, a spokesperson for Énergir, the main distributor of natural gas in Quebec, said the company expects to increasingly rely on “renewable natural gas” made using organic waste such as table scraps.

“It’s 100-per-cent renewable and carbon-neutral,” Houde said。

Today, renewable natural gas represents less than one per cent of gas distributed by Énergir, previously known as Gaz Métro.

Houde said a recent study found that by 2030, 66 per cent of the natural gas in Quebec could be renewable。

Two weeks ago, Plante announced she wants tosuch as straws, Styrofoam cups, disposable cutlery and grocery-store food packaging for meat, fish and vegetables。 A bylaw is to be tabled next year, following public consultations。

Two other environmental initiatives came into effect last year. The distribution of thin plastic bags at stores was banned, as was the burning of any solid fuel in residences unless the stove or fireplace is one of the newest, cleanest-burning models.

Michelle Lalonde of the Montreal Gazette contributed to this report.

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We’ll soon know the exact air pollution from every power plant in the world. That’s huge.

Satellite data plus artificial intelligence equals no place to hide.

Keeping an eye on the polluters.

Tuesday brings a somewhat mind-blowing announcement in the world of power plants and pollution.

In a nutshell: A nonprofit artificial intelligence firm called is going to use satellite imagery to precisely track the air pollution (including carbon emissions) coming out of every single power plant in the world, in real time. And it’s going to make the data public.

This is a very big deal。 Poor monitoring and gaming of emissions data have made it difficult to enforce pollution restrictions on power plants。 This system promises to effectively eliminate poor monitoring and gaming of emissions data。

And it won’t just be regulators and politicians who see this data; it will be the public too。 When it comes to environmental enforcement, the public can be more terrifying and punitive than any regulator。 If any citizen group in the world can go online and pull up a list of the dirtiest power plants in their area, it eliminates one of the great informational barriers to citizen action。

And citizens have reason to organize。 According to the latest report, air pollution is the fifth greatest global mortality risk。 It causes 5 million early deaths and 147 million years of healthy life lost, every year, and the countries building the most power plants are experiencing the most air pollution。 Their citizens have the most on the line。 And now they’ll be armed with information。

Things are about to get interesting. Let’s look at the details.

The Navajo Generating Station, a giant coal power plant in Arizona … from space.

Eyes in the sky will track all power plant pollution

The plan is to use data from satellites that make theirs publicly available (like the European Union’s network and the US network), as well as data from a few private companies that charge for their data (like ). The data will come from a variety of sensors operating at different wavelengths, including thermal infrared that can detect heat.

The images will be processed by various algorithms to detect signs of emissions. It has already been demonstrated that simply through identifying visible smoke. WattTime says it can also use infrared imaging to identify heat from smokestack plumes or cooling-water discharge. Sensors that can directly track NO2 emissions are in development, according to WattTime executive director Gavin McCormick.

Between visible smoke, heat, and NO2, WattTime will be able to derive exact, real-time emissions information, including information on carbon emissions, for every power plant in the world. (McCormick says the data may also be used to derive information about water pollutants like nitrates or mercury.)

Who’s behind it

, Google’s philanthropic wing, is getting the project off the ground (pardon the pun) with a $1.7 million grant; it was selected through the .

WattTime, a nonprofit that is now a , made a splash earlier this year with . AER is a program that uses to determine exactly when the grid is producing the cleanest electricity. It can then automatically adjust power consumption to match up with those times, ensuring that users take advantage of the lowest-carbon power available. (Many kinds of power consumption can be safely shifted in time, like water heaters, battery charging, and some industrial processes; they are “dispatchable.”) AER is, as the name indicates, entirely automated; it works behind the scenes, without any user intervention.

斗地主达人WattTime is partnering with , a think tank that’s done previous work with satellite imagery, using it for financial analysis of power plants (including a showing that 42 percent of global coal power plants are operating at a loss), and the , which operates the world’s most comprehensive .

WattTime is a mission-based nonprofit with a track record, legitimate partners, and serious financial backing。 Despite its , it has a chance of becoming the global clearinghouse for transparent, reliable pollution data。

What it will immediately enable

This information is going to empower all kinds of tools and avenues for pollution reduction. Here are a few McCormick mentioned to me:

  • Every pollution law or international agreement relies on monitoring and verification. Many countries, or areas within countries, are suspected of underreporting emissions. It creates a background level of mutual mistrust. Now there will be a trusted, third-party source of verified information on every power plant; no more gaming the system by fiddling with local monitoring equipment or misreporting emissions. Transparent third-party verification will raise everyone’s confidence in the ability of regulators and negotiators to produce results.
  • Remember Automated Emission Reductions? Real-time pollution data will enable AER to work anywhere in the world, without undue reliance on state or industry sources of data. I’ve written before about how battery storage on the grid, because it’s rarely timed to sync up with clean energy. California is . AER will make it easier, for California and everyone else, to match clean energy production and consumption.
  • Real-time, public pollution data will help renewable energy developers site their projects in areas where they can maximize emission reductions.
  • Carbon Tracker has already that satellite data can be used for more precise financial analysis of power plants (again: 42 percent of the coal plants in the world are operating at a loss). WattTime’s program will make that analysis more robust and help better identify those areas where renewable energy is already cheaper than fossil power.
  • Finally, the data will help fill in the gaps even in US pollution monitoring, which are many.

斗地主达人All that stuff will crank up the minute the information becomes public. WattTime is currently gathering data and working with partners who will put the information to use.

The global panopticon, but for pollution reduction.

But the really interesting stuff will happen after this data is unleashed on the world and becomes accessible everywhere.

What it could enable in the long term

To help illuminate the larger impact this information might have, indulge me in a brief anecdote.

In 1986, the US created the , a database tracking the toxic emissions of all US industrial facilities.

It was strengthened in 1990, as part of the Pollution Prevention Act。 At the time, this outcome was seen as something of a failure — the originally proposed bill contained stiff penalties for toxic emissions, but they were stripped out in negotiations。 In the end, all that was left was the information, the TRI itself。

But the TRI has gone on to prove one of the most . Simply making the information available to the public empowered citizens, nonprofits, and state governments to organize pressure on the worst emitters. In the five years after it was implemented, toxic emissions fell by almost half.

The TRI enabled what scholars Archon Fung and Dara O’Rourke (of Harvard and MIT, respectively) ‘‘populist maximin regulation,” which differs from conventional command-and-control regulation in four ways。 First, the role of government agencies “is not to set and enforce standards, but to establish an information-rich context for private citizens, interest groups, and firms to solve environmental problems。”

Second, standards are not set according to expert risk analysis, but according to what the public is willing to accept。 Third, emitters “adopt pollution prevention and abatement measures in response to a dynamic range of public pressures rather than to formalized agency standards or governmental sanction。” Finally, the information allows public attention to focus on the worst emitters — maximum attention on minimum performers, thus “maximin。”

A shorter way of putting this: Once the public knows what polluters are up to, it stops letting them get away with it.

Just as the TRI enabled populist maximin regulation in the US — a wave of bottom-up activism that the authors of the TRI never anticipated — so could WattTime’s data be used to organize citizen pressure on the biggest carbon emitters, on a global scale.

If nothing else, the biggest polluters, and the biggest cheaters, will be exposed。 No company, no country, will be able to hide or fudge its numbers。 The public will know how to find them。

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Alternative fuels for a zero-carbon economy – Opinion by Adair Turner | ET EnergyWorld

Huge falls in the cost of wind and solar electricity – down 60 per cent
to 90 per cent over the past 10 years – have dramatically changed the
economics of power generation. Work by the Energy Transitions Commission


shows that renewables will increasingly be a cheaper power source than
coal, and that power systems could run efficiently even if 80 per cent
to 90 per cent of electricity came from intermittent renewable sources.
In a developing country like India, huge increases in electricity demand
– up perhaps two-and-a-half times within the next 15 years – can be met
without further coal power investment. This will deliver huge local
environmental benefits, cutting the air pollution which threatens health
in many Indian cities, and would help limit the global warming, to
which India is more vulnerable than almost any other country.
Decarbonising power generation and electrifying as much as possible is
the core of any path to a zero-carbon economy.
Challenges to electrification of energy

While
many uses of energy are already electrified (such as air-conditioning
systems and factory machinery) or can easily become so (with electric
cars bound to dominate future road transport), it is less easy or more
expensive to electrify some heavy industrial sectors (such as steel or
cement) and currently impossible to electrify international aviation. If
we want to achieve zero-carbon economy we need to prevent global
warming, and must find a way to take the carbon out of these
斗地主达人“hard-to-abate” sectors.

The fundamental challenge is two-fold.
First, it is much easier to turn fossil fuel molecules into the intense
heat which many industrial processes require than to generate that heat
with electricity. Second, hydrocarbon molecules have far higher energy
density than batteries: About 11-kilowatt hour (kWh) of energy is stored
chemically within a kilogram of diesel fuel, versus only about 0.3 kWh
in a kilogram of lithium- ion battery. Unless and until that battery
density increases at least six times, battery flight from Delhi to
London will continue to be impossible.

Despite these
challenges, the role of direct electrification is likely to grow even in
some of the apparently more difficult sectors. Recent work by the
Energy Transitions Commission shows that battery-powered trucks will
become increasingly feasible and cost-competitive during the 2020s and
electrifying short and medium distance trucks could deliver hugely
beneficial air quality improvements in India’s major cities. In
principle, cement kilns can be electrified and the cost of doing so will
reduce over time: And recycled steel is already produced using electric
arc furnaces rather blast furnaces using coking coal. But, to achieve
full decarbonisation of these hard-to-abate sectors will require new
low-carbon fuels.

Decarbonising “hard-to-abate” sectors

There
are two main alternatives. One, is to derive hydrocarbon molecules from
biomass sources, using them for combustion purposes either as solid
biomass (example: in cement kilns), liquid biofuels (in trucks and
planes) or as biogas (for instance to meet peak electricity demand). The
other, is to produce zero-carbon hydrogen – whether using zero-carbon
power to electrolyse water or from steam methane reforming combined with
carbon capture – which can then be used in fuel cell vehicles to drive
electric motors, combusted to produce heat and drive turbines, or used
as an alternative to coking coal as a reduction agent in steel
production. Multiple hybrid solutions are also increasingly possible:
For instance, hydrogen injection could significantly increase the amount
of biogas produced from any given quantity of biomass.

Together
with direct electrification, these options make it possible to
decarbonise all sectors of the Indian economy at acceptable costs.
Direct electrification will likely dominate urban buses and short
distance trucking, but hydrogen fuel cell vehicles may play a major role
in the long-distance truck sector. Electrifying India’s huge railway
system should be a high priority, but for some routes using hydrogen as
an energy source may be more economic.

Burning municipal waste
or agricultural residues could provide a rapid route to decarbonise
cement production, and India’s Dalmia cement, already one of the lowest
carbon cement producers in the world, is committed to achieve
zero-carbon by 2040. And with much of Indian steel production already
using a syngas based “direct reduction” technology, switching to
hydrogen-based reduction would be an easier transition than in countries
where coal-based blast furnaces dominate.

In aviation
meanwhile, both batteries and hydrogen are likely to play an increasing
role in short distance flight, but flights which I take from London to
Delhi will almost certainly need to be powered by a precise bio or
synthetic equivalent of existing jet fuel. This is undoubtedly
technically possible even if higher production costs will mean a
moderately higher ticket price.

The “Sky Scenario”

In
India as across the world, the most cost-effective route to a
zero-carbon economy is thus certain to include “green molecules” as well
as “green electrons”. At the global level, “green electrons” will play
the dominant role. As the “Sky Scenario” which Shell has recently
published makes clear, any credible route to a zero-carbon economy will
see direct electricity use rising from around 20 per cent to 25 per cent
of final energy demand today to something like 60 per cent by 2070.
Some continued fossil fuel use – perhaps 10 per cent to 15 per cent of
final energy demand, might also still be possible if Carbon Capture and
斗地主达人Storage or Use can be made a cost-effective and safe technology.

But,
in India as elsewhere, a hugely expanded role for hydrogen will be
vital, and hydrocarbons produced from biomass sources will also be an
essential part of a cost-competitive and environmentally sustainable
energy mix.

DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are solely of the
author and ETEnergyworld.com does not necessarily subscribe to it.
ETEnergyworld.com shall not be responsible for any damage caused to any
person/organisation directly or indirectly.

 

 

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